Audina M. Berrocal

Courses tagged with "Audina M. Berrocal"

Pediatric Uveitic Cataract Removal with Lensectomy and Vitrectomy

Type: Surgical Videos
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Patel

Proliferative Sickle Retinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Julia L. Hudson, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Ta Chen Peter Chang, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Chang, Hudson
Proliferative Sickle Retinopathy A 3-year-old female was referred to BPEI for treatment of congenital cataracts. After bilateral lensectomy and vitrectomy, the patient was noted to have elevated intraocular pressure. She underwent placement of BGI and was incidentally found to have vitreous hemorrh…

Euphorbia Keratitis From Milkweed Exposure

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; William W. Culbertson, IV, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Culbertson, Patel

The patient presented with corneal edema and descemet's folds. The patient noted that she was gardening, and the offending contact was likely euphorbia cyparissias plant sap.

Iris, Lens and Zonule Coloboma

Specialty: Glaucoma
Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Brenda Fallas; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fallas, Patel
These are caused by failure of the embryonic fissure to close during the second month of development in utero. The iris defect is also known as a "keyhole" pupil. Here, there is not only an iris defect, but also missing tissue in the lens (yellow arrow) and zonules. This can cause difficulties duri…

Peters Anomaly Type II

Specialty: Glaucoma
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Eric R. H. Duerr, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Ta Chen Peter Chang, MD; Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Chang, Duerr
Peters Anomaly Type II A 2-day-old male was referred by a neonatologist for evaluation and management of corneal clouding and buphthalmos of the left eye. The patient was found to have unilateral elevated intraocular pressure, corneal clouding, enlarged corneal diameter, and a poor red reflex. B-sc…

Combined Hamartoma of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Thomas A. Lazzarini, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Lazzarini
Combined Hamartoma of the Retina and Retinal Pigment Epithelium A 19-month-old girl with an unremarkable prenatal and infantile history presented with esotropia of the left eye and was found to have a vascularized mass concerning for retinoblastoma. Examination under anesthesia revealed a charcoal …

Knobloch Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin J. Fowler, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fowler, McKeown
Knobloch Syndrome An infant presented to the eye clinic with nystagmus. The patient underwent examination. Initial eye examination revealed horizontal nystagmus, a midline occipital scalp lesion, hypoplastic macula in both eyes, and high myopia (greater than -15.0 D in both eyes). Given a family hi…

Oculocutaneous Albinism

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Michelle M. Falcone, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Falcone, McKeown
Oculocutaneous Albinism A 12-year-old female with a history of OCA was referred to the retina clinic for evaluation. She had no significant family history. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/80 in the right eye and 20/70 in the left eye. On exam she was noted to have nystagmus and a small angle in…

Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma with Vitreous Hemorrhage

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin J. Fowler, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fowler
Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma with Vitreous Hemorrhage A five-week-old full-term male with a history of seizures and birth trauma underwent ophthalmology screening. Initial eye examination revealed vitreous hemorrhage. Subsequent examination under anesthesia with multi-modal imaging revealed vitreou…

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Nicolas A. Yannuzzi, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Yannuzzi
Retinopathy of Prematurity An 19-year-old woman presented with decreased vision in the right eye and was found to have a retinal detachment. She had a history of retinopathy of prematurity as an infant and had been treated with laser photocoagulation. Treatment for retinopathy of prematurity in the…

Toxocara with Tractional Retinal Detachment

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Patel

The temporal toxocara lesion led to sub retinal exudation, macular fold and tractional retinal detachment. Surgery was performed with pars plana vitrectomy.

Wyburn-Mason Syndrome

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Brenda Fallas; Kenneth C. Fan, MD, MBA; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fallas, Fan, Patel

Fundus photo with retinal arteriovenous malformation emanating from the nerve. FA shows filling of the vessels without leakage. MRI is needed to assess for intracranial AVMs.

X-linked Retinoschisis

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Camila V. Ventura, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Patel, Ventura
This is congenital retinal dystrophy is caused by a mutation in the retinoschisin (RS1) gene, which encodes for a protein that functions in cellular adhesion. The fundus photo shows a macular stellate pattern caused by schisis or splitting of the retinal layers at the level of the outer plexiform l…

Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis (DUSN) Treated With Laser

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Patel

Fundus photo with multifocal unilateral white dots and central atrophy. On closer inspection a sub retinal nematode is found. Post laser treatment with laser photocoagulation and with many years of follow up there was no progression of the uveitis.

Emulsified Silicone Oil in Anterior Chamber

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Patel

Silicone oil used in this case was for retinal detachment repair and has emulsified/ It has come to the anterior chamber. The oil is less dense than aqueous fluid and will be found in the superior angle. This is sometimes referred to as a "reverse hypopyon".

Wegner's Syndrome with Tractional Retinal Detachment

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Patel

This patient was diagnosed with genetic testing to have the hereditary vitreoretinopathy, Wegner's Syndrome. The abnormal vitreoretinal interface leads to a focal tractional retinal detachment of the macula. Post-operative photo and OCT show resolution of the detachment after vitrectomy.