Available Courses

Chronic External Progressive Ophthalmoplegia

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Heidy C. Martinez, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hilda Capo, MD
Chronic External Progressive Ophthalmoplegia A 36-years-old female patient presents to pediatric ophthalmology clinic at BPEI for a second opinion regarding progressive bilateral ptosis and exotropia. The patient has a history of progressive bilateral ptosis OS>OD and limitation of ocular moveme…

Coats' Disease Stage 4

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Victor Villegas, MD

RetCam photo with a bullous exudative retinal detachment. Angiography shows area of engorged vessels, telangiectasias and neovascularization. Ultrasound with moderate dense vitreous opacities and no calcifications. Surgery with external drainage was required for treatment.

Oculocutaneous Albinism

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Michelle M. Falcone, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Oculocutaneous Albinism A 12-year-old female with a history of OCA was referred to the retina clinic for evaluation. She had no significant family history. Best corrected visual acuity was 20/80 in the right eye and 20/70 in the left eye. On exam she was noted to have nystagmus and a small angle in…

Pediatric Ophthalmology

Type: Medical Student Education
Presenter(s): Chris R. Alabiad, MD

In this module, we will look at:




Extraocular Muscle


Introduction to Pediatric Ophthalmology


Pulled-in-Two Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Kara M. Cavuoto, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD; David T. Tse, MD
Pulled-in-Two Syndrome A 61-year-old female with longstanding left sixth nerve palsy secondary to meningioma that was resected. Her visual acuity OD was 20/20, OS 20/40. Her traction testing OS revealed severe restriction to abduction. She had visual confusion with superimposition of the images tha…

Restrictive Strabismus and Brown Syndrome Secondary to Graves Disease

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hilda Capo, MD
Restrictive Strabismus and Brown Syndrome Secondary to Graves’ Disease A 68-year-old male with restrictive strabismus and Brown syndrome with extraocular movement restriction secondary to TED. He was on clinical trial for Teprotumumab 302 and had prior RAI ablation. His visual acuity OD is 20/20,…

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Nicolas Yannuzzi, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Retinopathy of Prematurity An 19-year-old woman presented with decreased vision in the right eye and was found to have a retinal detachment. She had a history of retinopathy of prematurity as an infant and had been treated with laser photocoagulation. Treatment for retinopathy of prematurity in the…

Strabismus Secondary to a Glaucoma Drainage Implant

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Michelle M. Falcone, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hilda Capo, MD; Kara M. Cavuoto, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Strabismus Secondary to a Glaucoma Drainage Implant A 10-year-old female was referred to the clinic for strabismus evaluation. She had a complex past ocular history including a congenital cataract OD s/p CE/IOL OD at 8 weeks old, RXT s/p RLR recession and RMR resection, IOL dislocation s/p PPV/lens…

Toxocara With Tractional Retinal Detachment

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD

The temporal toxocara lesion led to sub retinal exudation, macular fold and tractional retinal detachment. Surgery was performed with pars plana vitrectomy.

Traumatic Transection of a Lateral Rectus Muscle by a Zygomatic Implant

Type: Grand Rounds
Presenter(s): Nicole J. Topilow, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hilda Capo, MD
Traumatic Transection of a Lateral Rectus Muscle by a Zygomatic Implant Zygomatic implants can be used to support dental prostheses in patients with inadequate maxillary bone volume. While maxillary sinusitis is the most common reported complication of ZI placement, rarely, intraorbital penetration…

Usher Syndrome

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Brandon Sparling

Fundus photo with central and peripheral retinal atrophy as well and bone spicule RPE changes. This patient also had characteristic hearing loss.

Wyburn-Mason Syndrome

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Original Contributor(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Brenda Fallas; Kenneth C. Fan, MD, MBA; Nimesh A. Patel, MD

Fundus photo with retinal arteriovenous malformation emanating from the nerve. FA shows filling of the vessels without leakage. MRI is needed to assess for intracranial AVMs.