Course name | Date

Leukemic Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Caroline L. Lieux, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Lam, Lieux
Leukemic Optic Neuropathy Leukemic optic neuropathy is a rare entity that is characterized as optic nerve dysfunction resulting from direct infiltration of neoplastic leukocytes. It is an indicator of central nervous system involvement, and it is a neuro-ophthalmic and oncologic emergency that warr…

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Maja Kostic, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Kostic, Lam, McKeown, Mendoza Santiesteban
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy – LHON An 18-year-old healthy man was evaluated in the eye emergency room for acute progressive painless vision loss in both eyes. First was affected a right eye and a six days later, left eye was affected too. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/800 right eye an…

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza-Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chowdhary, Lam, Mendoza-Santiesteban
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy An 18-year-old male presented to the ER with bilateral decreased vision and eye pain for 10 days. His visual acuity was HM OD, 20/300 OS. He was noted to have disc pallor OD and temporal pallor with slight nasal elevation OS on fundus exam. His MRI showed T2 hyper …

Lattice Corneal Dystrophy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Caroline L. Lieux, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Anat Galor, MD, MSPH; Jayne S. Weiss, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Galor, Lieux, Weiss
Lattice Corneal Dystrophy Lattice corneal dystrophy is a rare disease with a variety of etiologies. Historically, corneal dystrophies have been defined as bilateral, progressive processes that start in a patient’s first to second decade of life and have no correlation with systemic illnesses. Whi…

Knobloch Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin J. Fowler, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fowler, McKeown
Knobloch Syndrome An infant presented to the eye clinic with nystagmus. The patient underwent examination. Initial eye examination revealed horizontal nystagmus, a midline occipital scalp lesion, hypoplastic macula in both eyes, and high myopia (greater than -15.0 D in both eyes). Given a family hi…

Klebsiella Pneumoniae Endogenous Endophthalmitis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Kenneth C. Fan, MD, MBA
Faculty Discussant(s): Janet L. Davis, MD
Discussant(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Fan, Patel
Klebsiella Pneumoniae Endogenous Endophthalmitis A 46-year-old healthy male presented with a red and painful eye with a preceding febrile gastrointestinal illness. Examination and work-up revealed concomitant intraocular and liver abscesses that required pars plana vitrectomy, drainage of subretina…

Juvenile Psammomatous Ossifying Fibroma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; Nickalus Khan, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chowdhary, Dubovy, Khan, Mendoza Santiesteban
Juvenile Psammomatous Ossifying Fibroma An 18-year-old female presented with blurry vision, headaches for 4 months. She was diagnosed to have papilledema on an outside eye exam and referred to BPEI. Her visual acuity was 20/20 OD, 20/100 OS. Additionally, she was noted to have junctional scotoma on…

Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Lulwa El Zein, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Craig A. McKeown, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: El Zein, McKeown, Mendoza Santiesteban
Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis A child previously healthy, presented to the ED with his mother for new onset right upper eyelid ptosis of few weeks duration. History was significant for variability in eye alignment over the past few months. Exam was notable for right upper eyelid ptosis with MRD1 of -2…

Isolated Spherophakia

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): C. Maxwell Medert, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Elena Bitrian, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Bitrian, Medert
Isolated Spherophakia A patient with ocular hypertension and narrow angle was found to have Isolated Spherophakia. She underwent phacoemulsification with a capsular tension ring and intraocular lens in the bag OS. She then had a pars plana vitrectomy with a scleral fixated lens OD. Post-operatively…

Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): C. Maxwell Medert, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Guillermo Amescua, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Amescua, Medert
Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome (ICE) A 27-year-old woman presented for corneal evaluation with a history of secondary glaucoma. She was found to have iridocorneal endothelial syndrome (ICE). She underwent DSAEK, which failed after 13 months. Subsequent Type 1 Boston Keratoprosthesis was successf…

Intraosseous Hemangioma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Michelle M. Maeng, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; David T. Tse, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Maeng, Tse
Intraosseous Hemangioma An otherwise healthy patient presented to the Emergency Room for evaluation of a left orbital rim lesion, found incidentally by an eyebrow technician. On exam, there was a firm bony mass along the superior orbital rim. Eye exam was otherwise unremarkable. CT scan of the orbi…

Intraorbital Wooden Foreign Body

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Apostolos Anagnostopoulos, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Chris R. Alabiad, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Alabiad, Anagnostopoulos
Intraorbital Wooden Foreign Body A 63-year-old male with a history of decreased extraocular motility, binocular diplopia and proptosis presenting to the ED after trauma with a palm tree branch a few days before presentation. The patient presents 6 days after trauma with a tree branch. He had a 360-…

Intraorbital Foreign Body

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Caroline L. Lieux, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Andrew J. Rong, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Lieux, Rong
Intraorbital Foreign Body Intraorbital foreign bodies most commonly present with an ocular or penetrating injury. However, when the globe is not involved, the presentation of an intraorbital foreign body can be subtle. Here, we present a case of a 21-year-old female with right upper and lower lid s…

Intraoperative Aqueous Misdirection

Specialty: Glaucoma
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Adam Rothman, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Ta Chen Peter Chang, MD; Justin H. Townsend, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chang, Townsend, Rothman
Intraoperative Aqueous Misdirection A 3-year-old boy with primary congenital glaucoma OU s/p BVT (x1 OD, x2 OS) presents to clinic with elevated IOP OD despite maximum medical therapy. He undergoes exam under anesthesia with median intraocular pressure (IOP) 37 mm Hg OD. The patient then underwent …

Intracanalicular Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jason C. Fan, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Fan, Lam
Intracanalicular Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma A middle-aged patient with a PMH of breast cancer, migraines, and hyperlipidemia presents to the Bascom Palmer ER with a chief complaint of headache and left eye blurry vision for the past month. Recent work-up outside is remarkable for normal laborato…

Inherited Retinal Degeneration Presented with Intermediate Uveitis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jila Noorikolouri, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Janet L. Davis, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Noorikolouri
Inherited Retinal Degeneration Presented with Intermediate Uveitis A 12-year-old Hispanic female presented to the uveitis clinic seeking second opinion for treatment of intermediate uveitis 4 years ago. Patient had already been treated with several immunosuppressive agents and biologics without any…

Infectious Sclerokeratitis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Daniela P. Reyes-Capo, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Guillermo Amescua, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Amescua, Reyes-Capo
Infectious Sclerokeratitis A 79-year-old male presented to BPEI with 4 days of decreased vision and pain in the right eye. Visual acuity was hand motion and exam revealed a large multifocal corneal infiltrate with associated corneal and scleral thinning. B scan demonstrated large choroidal and reti…

Infantile Hemangioma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Nathan Pirakitikulr, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas E. Johnson, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Johnson, Pirakitikulr
Infantile Hemangioma A 17-month-old girl presented with her mother for evaluation of birthmarks that appeared shortly after birth. The patient was born at 38 weeks gestation weighing 7.2 lb. via C-section. Examination disclosed multiple confluent hemangiomas involving the right cheek, upper and low…

Indirect Carotid Cavernous Fistula

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Julia L. Hudson, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Joshua Pasol, MD; Robert M. Starke, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Hudson, Pasol, Starke
Indirect Carotid Cavernous Fistula A 72-year-old female referred to Bascom Palmer Emergency room with 4 months of progressive painless diplopia and eye redness after dental procedure. Exam revealed VA 20/25 OU with bilateral abducens palsy, and arterialization of the conjunctival vessels. Review of…

Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Alexandra E. Levitt, MD, MPH
Faculty Discussant(s): Sara Tullis Wester, MD, FACS
Presenter/Faculty: Levitt, Wester
Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation A 47-year-old woman with a past medical history of Grave’s disease complicated by thyroid associated ophthalmopathy presents with left eye pain, swelling, and diplopia worsening for 3 months. Exam reveals left-sided periorbital edema, proptosis, and extraocular mot…