Course name | Date

Knobloch Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin J. Fowler, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fowler, McKeown
Knobloch Syndrome An infant presented to the eye clinic with nystagmus. The patient underwent examination. Initial eye examination revealed horizontal nystagmus, a midline occipital scalp lesion, hypoplastic macula in both eyes, and high myopia (greater than -15.0 D in both eyes). Given a family hi…

Lattice Corneal Dystrophy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Caroline L. Lieux, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Anat Galor, MD, MSPH; Jayne S. Weiss, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Galor, Lieux, Weiss
Lattice Corneal Dystrophy Lattice corneal dystrophy is a rare disease with a variety of etiologies. Historically, corneal dystrophies have been defined as bilateral, progressive processes that start in a patient’s first to second decade of life and have no correlation with systemic illnesses. Whi…

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Maja Kostic, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Kostic, Lam, McKeown, Mendoza Santiesteban
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy – LHON An 18-year-old healthy man was evaluated in the eye emergency room for acute progressive painless vision loss in both eyes. First was affected a right eye and a six days later, left eye was affected too. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/800 right eye an…

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza-Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chowdhary, Lam, Mendoza-Santiesteban
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy An 18-year-old male presented to the ER with bilateral decreased vision and eye pain for 10 days. His visual acuity was HM OD, 20/300 OS. He was noted to have disc pallor OD and temporal pallor with slight nasal elevation OS on fundus exam. His MRI showed T2 hyper …

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON)

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Anas Yasin, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza-Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Lam, Mendoza-Santiesteban, Yasin
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) A previously healthy patient presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 2-week history of bilateral blurry vision associated with painful eye movement. The patient denied eye redness, eye discharge, photophobia, double vision, or headache. The ophthal…

Leukemic Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Caroline L. Lieux, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Lam, Lieux
Leukemic Optic Neuropathy Leukemic optic neuropathy is a rare entity that is characterized as optic nerve dysfunction resulting from direct infiltration of neoplastic leukocytes. It is an indicator of central nervous system involvement, and it is a neuro-ophthalmic and oncologic emergency that warr…

Leukemic Retinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Shanlee M. Stevens, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; Andrew J. Rong, MD; Nicolas A. Yannuzzi, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Rong, Stevens, Yannuzzi
Leukemic Retinopathy A patient with no significant past medical history presented to BPEI ER complaining of blurry vision in the left eye for two weeks. On fundus exam, he had hemorrhages in multiple layers of the retina, venous dilation and tortuosity, and Roth spots. CBC was obtained which reveal…

Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Xuemin "Rosie" Zhang, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Guillermo Amescua, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Amescua, Zhang
Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency We report a case of severe unilateral chemical-thermal injury complicated by total limbal stem cell deficiency and symblepharon, treated with Simple Limbal Epithelial Transplantation (SLET) combined with conjunctival autografting (CAG). We used an autologous limbal biops…

Lisch Corneal Dystrophy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Lily Zhang, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; Carol L. Karp, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Karp, Zhang
Lisch Corneal Dystrophy A patient presented with blurry vision in the left eye and was found to have a pigmented superficial corneal lesion which showed hyperreflectivity without thickening on the AS-OCT. The lesion was biopsied and confirmed to be Lisch corneal dystrophy on pathology. The lesion r…

Macular Hole

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Noy Ashkenazy, MD, MS
Faculty Discussant(s): Ninel Z. Gregori, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Ashkenazy, Gregori
Macular Hole A 64-year-old male veteran presents to the clinic on Feb. 15, 2019, with report of having blurry vision in the left eye for 30 years, following left-sided head trauma. He has been told by multiple providers that there was nothing that could be done for his vision. He complains of a “…

Melanocytoma with Vitreous Seeding

Specialty: Ocular Oncology
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Nathan L. Scott, MD, MPP
Faculty Discussant(s): Zelia M. Correa, MD, PhD; Sander R. Dubovy, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Correa, Dubovy, Scott
Melanocytoma with Vitreous Seeding A patient with 7 years of blurry vision in the right eye presents to clinic for evaluation. He reports no recent acute changes in vision and no precipitating events in the past. He noticed the blurry vision incidentally while driving when he covered his left eye. …

Metallic Foreign Body

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Michelle M. Maeng, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; Thomas E. Johnson, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Johnson, Maeng
Metallic Foreign Body A patient with a history of well-controlled HIV and bipolar affective disorder presented to the clinic with a history of recurrent intermittent periorbital eyelid swelling and pain of 16 years duration. His symptoms began six months after receiving “black market facial fille…

Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma to Choroid

Specialty: Ocular Oncology
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Eric D. Hansen, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Zelia M. Correa, MD, PhD; Sander R. Dubovy, MD; J. William Harbour, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Correa, Dubovy, Hansen, Harbour
Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma to Choroid An elderly patient presented with vision loss in the right eye and self-referred to BPEI for a second opinion. A pigmented, elevated choroidal lesion concerning for malignancy was noted in the right eye with sub retinal fluid extending into the macula. The p…

MEWDS

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Humberto Salazar, III, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Raquel Goldhardt, MD, FACS
Presenter/Faculty: Goldhardt, Salazar
MEWDS A healthy, myopic 18-year-old female presented with 2 days of blurry vision in her left eye after having a viral upper respiratory infection for 1 week. Dilated fundus exam revealed posterior pole gray-white spots sparing the fovea and a granulated foveal appearance, as well as mild posterior…

Microcephaly with or without Chorioretinopathy, Lymphedema or Intellectual Disability (MCLID)

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Maria Paula Fernandez, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza-Santiesteban, MD; Mustafa Tekin, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Fernandez, Mendoza-Santiesteban, Tekin
Microcephaly with or without Chorioretinopathy, Lymphedema or Intellectual Disability (MCLID) This patient with past medical history of microcephaly, lymphedema and mild cognitive delay, was referred for retinal evaluation. Ophthalmological evaluation was notable for hyperopia and extramacular pigm…

Miller Fisher Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hong Jiang, MD, PhD; Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD; Joshua Pasol, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chowdhary, Jiang, Lam, Mendoza Santiesteban, Pasol
Miller Fisher Syndrome A patient presented with binocular diplopia of 2 weeks duration after COVID-19 infection. Additionally, she had neurological symptoms, weakness, tingling, numbness of extremities. She had been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. On exam her BCVA was 20/20 OU, she was noted to …

Motility Disturbances after Glaucoma Drainage Device

Specialty: Glaucoma
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Anh Pham, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hilda Capo, MD; Luis E. Vazquez, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Capo, Pham, Vazquez
Motility Disturbances after Glaucoma Drainage Device A patient with a history of traumatic angle recession glaucoma in the left eye presented with acute onset of double vision and persistent ocular soreness in the left eye. He denied generalized weakness or difficulty with respiration. His surgical…

Mucormycosis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Nathan Pirakitikulr, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas E. Johnson, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Johnson, Pirakitikulr
Mucormycosis A 61-year-old male with interstitial lung disease status post left lung transplant on immunosuppression develops worsening left facial and periorbital swelling after dental cleaning. Symptoms are unresponsive to oral antibiotics and after three days the patient is examined by ophthalmo…

Mycobacterium Abscessus Keratitis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Lily Zhang, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Anat Galor, MD, MSPH
Presenter/Faculty: Galor, Zhang
Mycobacterium Abscessus Keratitis A patient was referred for management of a corneal ulcer in their right eye. Initial exam revealed VA OD CF with diffuse corneal epithelial defect, infiltrate, and endothelial plaque and anterior inflammation with a hypopyon. Corneal cultures were positive for Myco…

Mycoplasma Pneumoniae-Induced Rash and Mucositis (MIRM)

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Neel D. Pasricha, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Guillermo Amescua, MD; Swapna Shanbhag, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Amescua, Pasricha, Shanbhag
Mycoplasma Pneumoniae-Induced Rash and Mucositis (MIRM) A patient presented to BPEI ED with dysuria x4 days and worsening red eye and irritation OU x2 days. Diagnosed with possible STI + conjunctivitis by outside Urgent Care 2 days prior. On our examination, he had decreased BCVA of 20/50 OD and 20…