Course name | Date

Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Apostolos Anagnostopoulos, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD; Carla J. Osigian Probst, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Anagnostopoulos, Mendoza Santiesteban, Osigian
Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf Syndrome The following case review presents a 3-year-old, born full term, with developmental delay which was referred by an outside physician for further evaluation. Further testing was required for a final diagnosis which included an MRI of the brain and genetic testing. Resu…

Carcinoma Ex Pleomorphic Adenoma

Specialty: Ocular Oncology
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Ying Chen, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas E. Johnson, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chen, Johnson
Carcinoma Ex Pleomorphic Adenoma A 76-year-old female referred by primary care physician for right eye proptosis. The patient complained of diplopia for the last six months without associated pain or irritation. External exam was significant for proptosis of the right eye and hypoglobus. Visual acu…

Carotid Cavernous Fistula with Ocular Ischemic Syndrome

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Andrew J. Rong, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Rong
Slit lamp photo with dilated epi-scleral veins. Fundus photo with retinal hemorrhages. FA with severe non perfusion, leakage from the disc, and laser scars. MRI/MRA demonstrates left distal precavernous/proximal cavernous ICA fistula into the cavernous sinus with arterialized flow. There is resulta…

Cataract Associated with Ciliary Body Melanoma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Megan A. Rowlands, MD, MPH
Faculty Discussant(s): J. William Harbour, MD; Arindel S. Maharaj, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Harbour, Maharaj, Rowlands
Cataract Associated with Ciliary Body Melanoma A patient with recently diagnosed ciliary body melanoma was referred to the BPEI glaucoma service for cataract evaluation. Examination revealed CF vision, a dense white cataract, and ciliary body melanoma that had extended into the iris. The patient ha…

Cataracts and Radial Keratotomy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Masako Chen, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Kendall E. Donaldson, MD, MS
Presenter/Faculty: Chen, Donaldson
Cataracts and Radial Keratotomy A 69-year-old male presented to Bascom Palmer Eye Institute for glare and blurry vision in both eyes. Exam revealed 20/70 vision in right eye and 20/60 in left eye. Patient had 8 RK incision in both eyes and 2+ NS in both eyes. Patient's preoperative evaluation inclu…

Central Areolar Choroidal Dystrophy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): David Wade Redick, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Ninel Z. Gregori, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Gregori, Redick
Central Areolar Choroidal Dystrophy A 56-year-old male that presents as a follow up for Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration and complaining of nyctalopia. VA 20/20 both eyes on initial presentation. DFE revealed hypopigmented areas in the macula of both eyes. Fluoresencin angiogrpahy revealed spec…

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Associated with Cocaine Abuse

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Jonathan F. Russell, MD, PhD; Jesse D. Sengillo, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Russell, Sengillo

A 40-year-old patient with systemic hypertension and history of polysubstance abuse. CBC was within normal limits. Photo shows dilated and engorged vessels, cotton wool spots, and flame hemorrhages.

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jacob S. Duker, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Ninel Z. Gregori, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Duker, Gregori
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy A 38-year-old male presented with blurry vision and was found to have a neurosensory retinal detachment concerning for central serous retinopathy. Laser photocoagulation was utilized to treat the focal leak. Clinical findings, epidemiology, diagnostic techniques and…

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Don H. Noel, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Noel
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy A patient presented with blurry vision associated with distortion OS. Self-referred to Bascom Palmer. VA: OD: 20/20 and OS: 20/200. Imaging work up was significant for OCT, showing subretinal fluid, choroidal thickness and elevation map. Fluorescein angiography reve…

Central Serous Retinal with Choroidal Neovascularization

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel

Fundus photos showing sub-retinal angiogenesis with hemorrhage. OCT with pigment epithelial detachment and outer-retinal atrophy. Autofluorescence with a guttering pattern of the atrophy typical with CSR.

Central Serous Retinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Alexandra E. Levitt, MD, MPH
Faculty Discussant(s): Jayanth Sridhar, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Levitt, Sridhar
Central Serous Retinopathy A 48-year-old female presents with a history of chronically decreased vision in her right eye. Multimodal imaging reveals serous macular detachment, thickened choroid, and focal areas of late leakage on fluorescein angiography. The left eye has pigmentary changes in the p…

Chorioretinitis Sclopetaria

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jason C. Fan, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Harry W. Flynn, Jr., MD
Presenter/Faculty: Fan, Flynn
Chorioretinitis Sclopetaria This case involves an elderly gentleman presenting after trauma to his right eye by an errant golf ball. He was diagnosed with rupture at an outside hospital, but globe exploration failed to identify the site of rupture. He presented to BPED and was diagnosed with chorio…

Choroidal Change Post Internal Carotid Stenting

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Omer Trivizki, MD, MBA
Faculty Discussant(s): Philip J. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Rosenfeld, Trivizki
Choroidal Change Post Internal Carotid Stenting The purpose is to report the changes in choroidal thickness (CT) and the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) measurements using widefield SS-OCT imaging in a patient undergoing treatments that should alter choroidal blood flow. Patient underwent 12x12mm…

Choroidal Metastasis Consistent with Renal Cell Primary

Specialty: Ocular Oncology
Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Nish Patel, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; J. William Harbour, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Harbour, Patel
Choroidal Metastasis Consistent with Renal Cell Primary A 57-year-old male presented to clinic with a one-week history of red line in his vision OS. The patient was noted to have a history of left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma that was diagnosed after a metastatic lesion was detected in the …

Choroidal Osteoma

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Harry W. Flynn, Jr., MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Swarup S. Swaminathan, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Flynn, Patel, Swaminathan

Fundus photo with hypopigmented patch with choroidal thickening temporally. B-scan demonstrates the fundus thickening with mild hyperdensity.

Choroidal Osteoma

Specialty: Ocular Oncology
Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; J. William Harbour, MD; Brandon Sparling
Presenter/Faculty: Dubovy, Harbour, Sparling

Chroroidal Osteoma is a rare benign tumor characterized by the presence of cancellous bone within the peripapillary choroid

Christmas Tree Cataract in Myotonic Dystrophy

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Swarup S. Swaminathan, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Swaminathan

The multicolored appearance is due to needle shaped polychromatic peptide crystals in the cortex or nucleus of the lens. These are not generally visually significant.

Chronic External Progressive Ophthalmoplegia

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Heidy C. Martinez, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Hilda Capo, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Capo, Martinez
Chronic External Progressive Ophthalmoplegia A 36-years-old female patient presents to pediatric ophthalmology clinic at BPEI for a second opinion regarding progressive bilateral ptosis and exotropia. The patient has a history of progressive bilateral ptosis OS>OD and limitation of ocular moveme…

Chronic Macula Changes with Juvenile X-linked Retinoschisis

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Harry W. Flynn, Jr., MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Flynn, Patel

This patient is known to have XLRS and is 80 years old. Over time the macula schisis has led to central atrophy and pigmentary changes. The OCT shows schisis cavities and thinning of the retina.

Chronic Macula on Retinal Detachment with Two Demarcation Lines

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): J. Daniel Diaz, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Justin H. Townsend, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Diaz, Patel, Townsend

Patient with a history of pathological myopia and retinal detachment in the fellow eye. Has been stable with a large chronic retinal detachment. There are two demarcation lines noted in the macula. The vision is preserved.