Course name | Date

Alstrom Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Julia L. Hudson, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Hudson, Lam, McKeown
Alstrom Syndrome A 5-year-old male referred to the BPEI pediatric ophthalmology clinic for second opinion regarding bilateral progressive vision loss since infancy. VA was 20/200 OU and the patient had nystagmus. He was 99% percentile for weight but had no hearing loss or polydactyl. He underwent s…

Amalric Triangular Choroidal Infarction in Giant Cell Arteritis

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel
The patient presented with ocular ischemic syndrome and corneal edema in the fellow eye. In the right eye on angiography there is temporal non-perfusion as well as choroidal hyperfluorescent infarcts in the late phases. ESR and CRP were elevated. Diagnosis of GCA was made. The patient retained 20/3…

Bartonella Henselae Neuroretinitis and Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Landon J. Rohowetz, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas A. Albini, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Albini, Rohowetz
Bartonella Henselae Neuroretinitis and Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion A patient with past ocular history of viral conjunctivitis presented with 2 weeks of decreased vision in the right eye. His exam was notable for visual acuity of 20/80+1 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. Intraocular pr…

Bilateral Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Following Buttock Augmentation in an IIH Suspect

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Patrick Staropoli, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Lam, Staropoli
Bilateral Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Following Buttock Augmentation in an IIH Suspect A 51-year-old female was transferred from an outside facility 5 days after buttock augmentation surgery in the prone position. On examination, there was no light perception in the right eye and hand motion vision i…

Bilateral Optic Neuritis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Fawzi D. Abukhalil, MD, MB
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Hong Jiang, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Abukhalil, Lam, Jiang
Bilateral Optic Neuritis A 36-year-old male presented to ER with sudden loss of vision in both eyes, associated with sever periorbital pain, photophobia and pain with eye movement. Vision was NLP right eye and 20/70 left eye with a right afferent pupillary defect in the right eye. Eye movements wer…

Bilateral Papillitis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jesse D. Sengillo, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Mendoza Santiesteban, Sengillo
Bilateral Papillitis A 66-year-old man presented to Bascom Palmer with complaints of blurry vision in both eyes for three days which he described as painless. Vision was 20/350 in the right and 20/200 in the left eye with evident papillitis in both eyes on exam. An MRI revealed no retrobulbar optic…

Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf Syndrome

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Apostolos Anagnostopoulos, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD; Carla J. Osigian Probst, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Anagnostopoulos, Mendoza Santiesteban, Osigian
Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf Syndrome The following case review presents a 3-year-old, born full term, with developmental delay which was referred by an outside physician for further evaluation. Further testing was required for a final diagnosis which included an MRI of the brain and genetic testing. Resu…

Carotid Cavernous Fistula with Ocular Ischemic Syndrome

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Andrew J. Rong, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Rong
Slit lamp photo with dilated epi-scleral veins. Fundus photo with retinal hemorrhages. FA with severe non perfusion, leakage from the disc, and laser scars. MRI/MRA demonstrates left distal precavernous/proximal cavernous ICA fistula into the cavernous sinus with arterialized flow. There is resulta…

Cranial Nerve 6 Palsy from Metastatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin J. Fowler, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Fowler, Lam
Cranial Nerve 6 Palsy from Metastatic Cholangiocarcinoma A 34-year-old woman presented with 2 weeks of diplopia. The patient had binocular horizontal diplopia with a right cranial nerve 6 palsy and moderate-to-severe headache of 1-week duration. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and orb…

Extra-Parenchymal Neurocysticercosis (NCC)

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Lily Zhang, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; Hong Jiang, MD, PhD
Discussant(s): Folusakin Ayoade, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Ayoade, Dubovy, Jiang, Zhang
Extra-Parenchymal Neurocysticercosis (NCC) A patient presented with blurry vision and headaches for 6 months. He was found to have grade 5 papilledema with hemorrhages. MRI brain/orbits showed bilateral flattening of the posterior sclera with intraocular protrusion of the optic nerve head and promi…

Grade 5 Papilledema From Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Andrew J. Rong, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Rong

Increased intracranial pressure leading to bilateral optic nerve edema. Grade 5 is considered when all vessels are partially obscured by edema.

Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Michelle M. Maeng, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): David T. Tse, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Maeng, Tse
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension A 39-year-old male presented to the BPEI ER with blurry vision in his right eye for 2 weeks. Examination revealed CF OD, 20/60 OS vision, right APD, and bilateral disc edema. OCT showed diffusely elevated RNFL thickness and HVF 30-2 was not able to be performed …

Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Complicated by Peripapillary Choroidal Neovascular Membrane Formation

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD; Landon J. Rohowetz, MD; Nicolas A. Yannuzzi, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Mendoza, Rohowetz, Yannuzzi

Fundus photo demonstrating grade 1 optic nerve head edema in the right eye and grade 3 optic nerve head edema in the left eye. The left eye also demonstrates retinal folds, subretinal hemorrhage, and leakage on fluorescein angiography consistent with a choroidal neovascular membrane.

Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension with Secondary Choroidal Neovascular Membrane

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Landon J. Rohowetz, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD; Nicolas A. Yannuzzi, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Mendoza Santiesteban, Rohowetz, Yannuzzi
Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension with Secondary Choroidal Neovascular Membrane A patient with no past ocular history presented to the emergency department complaining of floaters in the left eye for 4 days. Exam was notable for visual acuity of 20/20 in the right eye and 20/25 in the left eye. …

Indirect Carotid Cavernous Fistula

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Julia L. Hudson, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Joshua Pasol, MD; Robert M. Starke, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Hudson, Pasol, Starke
Indirect Carotid Cavernous Fistula A 72-year-old female referred to Bascom Palmer Emergency room with 4 months of progressive painless diplopia and eye redness after dental procedure. Exam revealed VA 20/25 OU with bilateral abducens palsy, and arterialization of the conjunctival vessels. Review of…

Intracanalicular Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jason C. Fan, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Fan, Lam
Intracanalicular Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma A middle-aged patient with a PMH of breast cancer, migraines, and hyperlipidemia presents to the Bascom Palmer ER with a chief complaint of headache and left eye blurry vision for the past month. Recent work-up outside is remarkable for normal laborato…

Juvenile Psammomatous Ossifying Fibroma

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Sander R. Dubovy, MD; Nickalus Khan, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chowdhary, Dubovy, Khan, Mendoza Santiesteban
Juvenile Psammomatous Ossifying Fibroma An 18-year-old female presented with blurry vision, headaches for 4 months. She was diagnosed to have papilledema on an outside eye exam and referred to BPEI. Her visual acuity was 20/20 OD, 20/100 OS. Additionally, she was noted to have junctional scotoma on…

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Maja Kostic, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Craig A. McKeown, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Kostic, Lam, McKeown, Mendoza Santiesteban
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy – LHON An 18-year-old healthy man was evaluated in the eye emergency room for acute progressive painless vision loss in both eyes. First was affected a right eye and a six days later, left eye was affected too. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/800 right eye an…

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Somya Chowdhary, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza-Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Chowdhary, Lam, Mendoza-Santiesteban
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy An 18-year-old male presented to the ER with bilateral decreased vision and eye pain for 10 days. His visual acuity was HM OD, 20/300 OS. He was noted to have disc pallor OD and temporal pallor with slight nasal elevation OS on fundus exam. His MRI showed T2 hyper …

Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON)

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Anas Yasin, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza-Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Lam, Mendoza-Santiesteban, Yasin
Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) A previously healthy patient presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 2-week history of bilateral blurry vision associated with painful eye movement. The patient denied eye redness, eye discharge, photophobia, double vision, or headache. The ophthal…