Course name | Date

Acute Posterior Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Hasenin Al-khersan, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Al-khersan

Fundus photo demonstrating confluent creamy yellow-white lesions representing acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy.

Acute Retinal Necrosis Pre and Post Treatment

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Janet L. Davis, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Patel
Presentation with peripheral retinal whitening and perivascular hemorrhages. PCR was positive for HSV. Treatment was with the intravitreal antiviral Foscarnet as well as oral Valacyclovir. On 3 months follow up there was improvement in the retinitis with peripheral atrophy that was laser demarcated…

Acute Retinal Necrosis Secondary to HSV-2

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Caroline L. Lieux, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Janet L. Davis, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Lieux
Acute Retinal Necrosis Secondary to HSV-2 Acute retinal necrosis is a rare entity clinically defined by one or more foci of retinal necrosis in the peripheral retina with circumferential spread and rapid progression in the absence of therapy. It typically includes an occlusive vasculopathy and prom…

Acute Syphilitic Posterior Placoid Chorioretinitis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin R. Lin, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas A. Albini, MD; Jayanth Sridhar, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Albini, Lin, Sridhar
Acute Syphilitic Posterior Placoid Chorioretinitis A 56-year-old Hispanic male with past medical history of gout presented to the emergency room with a “purple spot” in his right eye for the last four days. Examination was significant for best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) 20/70, no anterior c…

Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy (AZOOR)

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jesse D. Sengillo, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas A. Albini, MD; Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Albini, Lam, Sengillo
Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy (AZOOR) A 31-year-old male presents with eye redness, foreign body sensation, and blurry vision in both eyes, worse in the right eye. On exam he is found to have follicular conjunctivitis in both eyes with sub epithelial infiltrates on the right cornea. His conj…

Age Related Macular Degeneration

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Prashanth G. Iyer, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Philip J. Rosenfeld, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Iyer, Rosenfeld
Age Related Macular Degeneration RPE tears occur in AMD as part of the normal disease progression. They are usually associated with vascularized pigment epithelial detachments at a rate of 10%. RPE tears are also associated with Central Serous Retinopathy, Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation, Polypoi…

Autosomal Dominant Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Julia L. Hudson, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Hudson
Autosomal Dominant Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy A patient with no family history of retinal disease presented to the Bascom Palmer emergency room with 4 days of floaters in her right eye. Her VA was 20/30 and her intraocular pressure was normal. She was found to have vitreous hemorrha…

Autosomal Recessive RPE65-Deficient Leber Congenital Amaurosis

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jose J. Echegaray, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Janet L. Davis, MD; Ninel Z. Gregori, MD; Byron L. Lam, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Echegaray, Gregori, Lam
Autosomal Recessive RPE65-Deficient Leber Congenital Amaurosis A 17-year-old male with a biallelic RPE65 mutation resulting in autosomal recessive Leber Congenital Amaurosis is referred for evaluation for subretinal gene therapy with voretigene neparvovec-rzyl. Baseline evaluation was remarkable fo…

Bartonella Neuroretinitis

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Norman Schatz, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Schatz

Fundus photo with exudates in a stellate pattern surrounding macula. OCT showing the hyperdense exudates in the outerplexiform layer.

Bilateral Retinal Artery Occlusions

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Janet L. Davis, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Brandon Sparling
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Patel, Sparling

Right eye with central retinal artery occlusion and left eye with superior branch retinal artery occlusion.

Bilateral Subacute/Chronic Endophthalmitis Leading to Complex Combined Retinal Detachment

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Benjamin R. Lin, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Janet L. Davis, MD; Jonathan F. Russell, MD, PhD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Lin, Russell
Bilateral Subacute/Chronic Endophthalmitis Leading to Complex Combined Retinal Detachment A patient with past medical history of chronic sciatica and recurrent skin abscesses presented to an outside hospital with positive blood, urine, and skin abscess cultures positive for methicillin sensitive st…

Birdshot Chorioretinopathy

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Janet L. Davis, MD; Nimesh A. Patel, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Davis, Patel
Fundus photos with creamy yellow sub-retinal lesions emanating radially from the nerve. FA OS with late staining and ICG with delineated hypocyanescent spots in the mid and late phases. The patient was HLA-A29 positive. ERG was used to monitor, assessing the B wave for a delayed 30hz flicker time.

Birdshot Chorioretinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Viet Chau, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Thomas A. Albini, MD; Jayanth Sridhar, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Albini, Chau, Sridhar
Birdshot Chorioretinopathy The patient presented with blurry vision, flashes of lights and floaters in the right eye that progressively worsened and eventually affecting her fellow eye. She was found to have signs of inflammation on clinical examination, which was further supported by imaging modal…

C2orf71 Retinitis Pigmentosa

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jason C. Fan, MD, PhD
Faculty Discussant(s): Byron L. Lam, MD; Carlos E. Mendoza Santiesteban, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Fam, Lam, Mendoza Santiesteban
C2orf71 Retinitis Pigmentosa A patient presents to the neuro-ophthalmology clinic for evaluation of chronic progressive vision loss over many years. There is high suspicion for a genetic disorder given findings of bilateral symmetric nerve pallor, diffuse chorioretinal atrophy, and attenuated vascu…

Canthaxanthin Crystalline Retinopathy

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Alaa Al-Dabbagh, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Al-Dabbagh
A patient with a history of progressive blurry vision in her left eye for 2 years prior to her presentation. She has no significant past medical except for consuming an over the counter oral tanning pills for a period of 7 years that was stopped 2 years prior to her presentation. Her exam was notab…

Canthaxanthin Crystalline Retinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Alaa Al-Dabbagh, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Zohar Yehoshua, MD, MHA
Presenter/Faculty: Al-Dabbagh, Yehoshua
Canthaxanthin Crystalline Retinopathy A patient presents with a history of progressive blurry vision in her left eye for two years. She has no significant past medical history except for consuming an over-the-counter oral tanning agent for a period of seven years that was discontinued three years p…

Central Areolar Choroidal Dystrophy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): David Wade Redick, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Ninel Z. Gregori, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Gregori, Redick
Central Areolar Choroidal Dystrophy A 56-year-old male that presents as a follow up for Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration and complaining of nyctalopia. VA 20/20 both eyes on initial presentation. DFE revealed hypopigmented areas in the macula of both eyes. Fluoresencin angiogrpahy revealed spec…

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Associated with Cocaine Abuse

Type: Ophthalmic Images
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Original Contributor(s): Nimesh A. Patel, MD; Jonathan F. Russell, MD, PhD; Jesse D. Sengillo, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Patel, Russell, Sengillo

A 40-year-old patient with systemic hypertension and history of polysubstance abuse. CBC was within normal limits. Photo shows dilated and engorged vessels, cotton wool spots, and flame hemorrhages.

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion in Patient with MTHFR Mutation

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Julia L. Hudson, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Audina M. Berrocal, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Berrocal, Hudson
Central Retinal Vein Occlusion in Patient with MTHFR Mutation A patient in good health presented with painless acute blurred vision in the right eye. She was found to have macular edema and retinal hemorrhages consistent with a CRVO. Her initial visual acuity was 20/40 in the right eye and 20/20 in…

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Type: Grand Rounds
Include in Catalogue?: Yes
Presenter(s): Jacob S. Duker, MD
Faculty Discussant(s): Ninel Z. Gregori, MD
Presenter/Faculty: Duker, Gregori
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy A 38-year-old male presented with blurry vision and was found to have a neurosensory retinal detachment concerning for central serous retinopathy. Laser photocoagulation was utilized to treat the focal leak. Clinical findings, epidemiology, diagnostic techniques and…